A memorable canoe journey passes through the gently rolling terrain of north-central Nebraska’s cowboy country. Those who venture inland find hiking trails and wildlife in two national refuges and climbs to uninterrupted views.

Valentine (population: 2,800) is all about outdoor adventure. Most treks here center on trips down the Niobrara National Scenic River. The spring-fed river runs knee- to hip-high at most in summer, so there's little to fear if you overturn. But if you need a rush, try the river's signature ritual: a walk into the icy 63-foot shower of Smith Falls, one of more than 180 waterfalls around Valentine (300 miles northwest of Omaha).

Spring and early summer are the best times for Niobrara float trips. Peak summer brings crowds, and due to low rainfall, paddlers occasionally have to pull their canoes through shallow spots. Come midweek to avoid summer's weekend canoe traffic.

Visitors who venture off the river find spectacular landscapes in the forested river valley and surrounding Sandhills. Hikers wander the trails of Valentine National Wildlife Refuge, a haven for some 260 bird species. Fort Niobrara National Wildlife Refuge is the place to see the Old West's shaggy mascot; about 350 bison live there.


Ashfall Fossil Beds State Historical Park An ancient volcanic eruption resulted in a rich cache of fossils near Royal, 60 miles northwest of Norfolk. See paleontologists unearthing barrel-bodied rhinos, sabre-toothed deer and three species of camels. ashfall.unl.edu

Cowboy Trail The rails-to-trails route runs 195 miles from Norfolk to Valentine. Approaching Valentine, the trail crosses the Niobrara River on a century-old, 148-foot-high steel trestle bridge; stop for valley views. outdoornebraska.gov

Fort Niobrara National Wildlife Refuge Hundreds of bird species, bison and elk populate six major habitats at the 19,131-acre refuge 4 miles east of Valentine. The visitors center has maps of the 3½-mile auto tour for wildlife viewing. fws.gov

Fort Niobrara National Wildlife Refuge
Fort Niobrara National Wildlife Refuge

Graham Canoe Outfitters Sign up for canoeing, kayaking or tubing trips along the Niobrara, or if you have gear, use the shuttle service. grahamoutfitters.com

Merritt Reservoir One of the state's best fishing lakes, the reservoir (26 miles southwest of Valentine) also hosts the annual Nebraska Star Party, which attracts astronomers of all skill levels for lectures and stargazing. outdoornebraska.gov

Nebraska Star Party
Nebraska Star Party

Niobrara National Scenic River Far removed from the urban landscape (the closest major city is more than 200 miles away), the 76 miles of the Niobrara designated as a national scenic river run through forests, bluffs and wildlife preserves. nps.gov

Niobrara National Scenic River
Niobrara National Scenic River

Plains Trading Company Booksellers Browse books by Nebraskans and on topics such as Native American and Western history at the Valentine shop. plainstrading.com

Smith Falls State Park At 70 feet, the icy shower of Smith Falls (east of Valentine) is the state's tallest. outdoornebraska.gov

Smith Falls State Park
Smith Falls State Park

Valentine National Wildlife Refuge Grasslands surround lakes at this 71,516-acre area, where visitors bird-watch, hike and fish. Wildlife includes prairie chickens, known for their springtime mating dance. fws.gov

Young's Western Wear Shoppers in Valentine love the chaps, ropes, saddles and other tools of the cowboy trade. discountwesternwear.com


Frosty Drive-In Burgers and shakes top the menu at this Valentine joint with carhop service. Frosty Drive-In on Facebook

Peppermill and EK Valentine Lounge This casual Valentine eatery dishes generous portions of comfort food, like chicken-fried steak and beer-battered french fries. peppermillvalentine.com


Heartland Elk Guest Ranch Five cabins accommodate four to 14 people. The owners will arrange Niobrara trips. heartlandelk.com

Lord Ranch Resort Cabins face the gently undulating Sandhills; kitchenettes and grills make stays self-sufficient. lordranchresort.com

The Niobrara Lodge Guests enjoy dependable comfort in a renovated former chain hotel in Valentine. niobraralodge.com

The Prairie Club For the most upscale accommodations in the Valentine area, head to the well-appointed lodge and cabins at this golf resort. theprairieclub.com

For information visit visitvalentine.com