How to Make a Creative Terrarium
Follow our step-by-step instructions to learn how to create terrariums, where big concepts are condensed into small spaces.
Tiny worlds under glass
With the right ingredients, you can make a terrarium that remains fresh long after you've closed the lid on the scene. Click or tap ahead for instructions.
Step 1: Gather materials
Before getting started on your tiny terrarium, you'll need:
One clear glass container with an opening large enough to insert plants
Clean ½- to ¾-inch pebbles
Dried sphagnum moss
A dowel for tamping
Moistened potting soil
A wooden spoon
Terrarium plants such as ferns, mini-philodendrons and palm seedlings
Lichen, stones, driftwood, shells, bits of nature
Figurines (let your fantasy flow!)
Turkey baster or small measuring cup
Step 2: Create a base
Insert a 1- to 2- inch layer (depending on the size of the glassware) of pebbles into the base of the container.
Step 3: Moisten
Fully moisten the sphagnum moss in a bowl and wring out the excess water.
Step 4: Insert sphagnum
Insert a thin layer of sphagnum moss into the container and tamp it down with a dowel.
Step 5: Spoon in soil
Spoon 1 inch of moistened soil into the container, tamping it down.
Step 6: Place plants
Unpot one of your mini plants, and massage the roots to loosen them before inserting the plant into the container with a pair of tweezers. Carefully place it firmly into the soil and repeat with additional plants to create the greenery. Don't crowd the plants; leave some room between each one for them to grow.
Step 7: Add soil
Add soil to fill in gaps and tamp it to fully firm the plants in place.
Step 8: Create a scene
With tweezers, insert lichen, stones, twigs and natural objects as well as figurines to create a scene.
Step 9: Seal the deal
Using a turkey baster or small measuring cup, add water to the terrarium until the soil is moist (but not soggy) and seal it with the stopper or lid. (You can also leave the terrarium open, but you'll need to mist it more frequently.)Put your terrarium where it will get enough light to satisfy the plants' needs, but keep it out of direct sun, which will overheat the garden. Check moisture levels periodically, and mist if your terrarium needs water. Plants should not dry out, but they also shouldn't be overwatered. If spots of mold or mildew appear, your garden has too much moisture; remove or partially open the lid for two or three days to improve air circulation.