Explore 8 Midwest National Monuments
Pipestone National Monument
This southeast Minnesota monument preserves traditional catlinite (red clay) quarries used to make ceremonial pipes important to Plains tribes' culture. The quarries are sacred to the tribes—many still hand quarry here—and were neutral territory where all tribes could quarry the stone. Watch a film and see local American Indians carving pipestone in the visitors center, where you can also view examples of tools, pipes, stems and more. Take a nature walk to see rock formations and a waterfall (507/825-5464; nps.gov/pipe).