Broken pottery, glass and porcelain become beautiful flower containers, stepping-stones and other garden accessories with a little craftwork and imagination.
Click ahead to find out how to make your own garden jewel—and to get ideas for creative ways to use mosaics on stepping-stones, birdbaths, benches and more.
For a flowerpot, one of the most popular outdoor mosaic projects, you'll need:
--Decorative materials such as a patterned china plate, ceramic tiles and glass pebbles
--A towel or cloth
--Small box of thin-set mortar
--Soft rags and sponges
--Tile float (optional)
--Grout sealer (optional)
To break plates, tile or pottery into mosaic-size pieces, wrap the materials in a towel or cloth. Wearing goggles to protect your eyes, pound with a hammer. Stop occasionally to check the size of the smashed pieces -- you don't want them too small. Pieces 3/4 to 1-1/2 inches in diameter are easiest to work with.
For more control over the result—and to preserve any important decorations on your tile or china—use nippers to cut and shape pieces.
Sketch your design on the pot, indicating where you want certain sections of color or specific patterns. Wearing gloves and using the plastic knife, spread a 1/4-inch layer of thin-set mortar over the first section of your design. (For larger projects, use a notched mortar trowel to spread the mortar.) Do one area at a time; the mortar will begin to harden in 15 minutes. Press mosaic pieces into the wet mortar, spacing them about 1/4 inch apart. Repeat with remaining sections of your design. Let the mortar dry overnight.
Mix grout according to package directions to a mudlike consistency. Slather grout into the crevices between mosaic pieces using a tile float or your gloved fingertips. Let set 10 to 15 minutes. Remove excess grout by wiping the mosaic with a clean, damp sponge. Polish off the remaining fimy residue with a soft cloth. Let dry, then apply a grout sealer, if desired, to prevent staining.
Tile shards embedded in colored grout create rustic pots perfect for displaying on a stand such as this aged ladder. Other ideas for your mosaic pots:
—Group plant-filled pots for a pretty centerpiece.
—Fill pots with flatware and napkins for outdoor parties.
—Fill tiny mosaic pots with wrapped candy or soaps, and use as party favors.
You can lend sentimental value to your mosaic work by using an old dish set, or turn an accident into a blessing by giving new life to a broken treasured memento. Here, classic Blue Willow china creates a pleasing two-color combination on pots.
Display treasures gathered during a trip to the shore by overlaying them on a terra-cotta pot using the same technique described for making tile mosaics. If you haven't been to the beach lately, buy an assortment of small- to medium-size shells at a crafts store. The best buy is the bulk bag of assorted shells.
Use the same basic technique described in slides 2 through 4 to create stepping-stones or any other mosaic project.
While you can create mosaics on many different bases, keep in mind that a mosaic attached to a porous base such as wood will need protection from the elements. If your mosaic will be outdoors year-round, choose a base of concrete, stone, brick or ceramic, and use frostproof, waterproof grout. Terra-cotta pots vary in durability; if you're not sure, it's best to bring pots indoors in the winter.
A concrete turtle from a garden center makes an ideal base for a mosaic of small ceramic squares.
Tile and pebble embellishments sparkle in shallow birdbaths. Match the grout to the color of the bowl to show off your mosaic work.
Create a shallow mosaic bowl for floating flowers with a ceramic pot saucer. (Thin plastic pots or saucers don't work well for mosaics because the material flexes, causing pieces to pop off.)
Eight, 10- and 18-inch-diameter PVC pipes cut to varying heights serve as the bases for these mosaic pillars. Overturned terra-cotta saucers turn two of the pipes into pedestals; the third cradles a flowerpot.
Ribbons of square glass tiles entwine on the surface of a concrete garden bench. The pattern also includes blue glass pebbles and pieces of an heirloom cake plate.
Mosaic-embellished steps show off a pattern that suggests movement—and a family pet that just enjoys a resting place!